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Table 2 Characteristics of the study population

From: Carotid intima–media thickness and cardiovascular risk factors in healthy volunteers

  Men Women Significance
n = 106 n = 107 P-value
Age [years] 49.6 ± 11.3 49.4 ± 10.6 0.893
Smokers [%] 8.5 11.2 0.505
Systolic blood pressure [mmHg] 129.2 ± 13.9 123.2 ± 17.9 0.007
Total cholesterol [mg/dl] 210.5 ± 35.7 207.1 ± 35.3 0.485
LDL-cholesterol [mg/dl] 124.1 ± 31.0 110.4 ± 32.2 0.002
HDL-cholesterol [mg/dl] 63.2 ± 15.8 80.4 ± 17.6  < 0.001
Total cholesterol/HDL ratio 3.5 ± 1.03 2.7 ± 0.72  < 0.001
Triglycerides [mg/dl] 116.6 ± 66.6 85.0 ± 36.6  < 0.001
Fasting glucose [mg/dl] 92.3 ± 9.5 87.5 ± 7.8  < 0.001
BMI [kg/m2] 26.2 ± 3.2 23.9 ± 3.3  < 0.001
Height [cm] 180.6 ± 7.2 166.6 ± 6.8  < 0.001
Weight [kg] 85.6 ± 12.1 66.5 ± 10.0  < 0.001
Waist circumference [cm] 96.0 ± 10.6 81.6 ± 9.4  < 0.001
Carotid intima–media thickness [mm] 0.70 ± 0.1 0.68 ± 0.09 0.103
  1. LDL low-density lipoprotein, HDL high-density lipoprotein, BMI body mass index