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Table 4 Third year medical student ultrasound curriculum as part of a longitudinal program at wake forest

From: Scoping review of implementing a longitudinal curriculum in undergraduate medical education: The wake forest experience

Exam Rotation Learning Objectives
Bedside echo Internal medicine 1. Describe indications for a bedside echocardiogram
2. Describe ultrasound findings related to intravascular volume status
3. Describe the sonographic characteristics of tamponade on 2D imaging
4. Describe ultrasound findings related to systolic dysfunction
5. Demonstrate the standard echocardiographic views for the exam
Focused assessment with sonography in trauma Surgery 1. Describe indications for a FAST exam
2. Describe implications for downstream patient care based on exam findings
3. Describe the appearance of abdominal free fluid in each sonographic window
4. Describe the sonographic characteristics of tamponade on 2D imaging
5. Demonstrate the standard ultrasound views for the exam
Ultrasound in pregnancy Obstetrics and gynecology 1. Describe the indications for obstetric ultrasound
2. Optimize quality of fetal images
3. Determine fetal lie and presentation
4. Identify the fetal heads, spine, extremities, abdomen, and thorax
5. Visualize anatomic structures in more than one orthogonal plane
Ultrasound guided procedures Emergency medicine 1. Describe the differences between in plane and out of plane needle guidance
2. Describe general principles of ultrasound guided procedures
3. Describe the procedural steps for an ultrasound guided IV catheter placement
4. Perform in plane and out of plane needle guidance on an ultrasound phantom
  1. FAST focused assessment with sonography for trauma, 2D two-dimensional, IV intravenous