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Table 5 Departmental echocardiographic findings

From: The role of point-of-care ultrasound in the diagnosis of pericardial effusion: a single academic center retrospective study

  All (N = 342) Non-procedural etiology (N = 263) Iatrogenic/procedural etiology (N = 79)
Yes No Not available Yes No Not available Yes No Not available
Right atrial collapse 219 (64%) 68 (20%) 55 (16%) 187 (71%) 47 (18%) 29 (11%) 32 (41%) 21 (27%) 26 (33%)
Right ventricle collapse 199 (58%) 89 (26%) 54 (16%) 164 (62%) 7 (27%) 28 (11%) 35 (44%) 18 (23%) 26 (33%)
Left atrial collapse 10 (3%) 275 (80%) 57 (17%) 8 (3%) 225 (86%) 30 (11%) 2 (3%) 50 (63%) 27 (34%)
Left ventricle collapse 4 (1%) 282 (83%) 56 (16%) 2 (1%) 231 (89%) 30 (11%) 2 (3%) 51 (65%) 26 (33%)
Significant respiratory variation 98 (29%) 41 (12%) 203 (59%) 86 (33%) 33 (13%) 144 (55%) 12 (15%) 8 (10%) 59 (75%)
Mechanical alternans 8 (2%) 36 (11%) 298 (87%) 8 (3%) 32 (12%) 223 (85%) 0 (0%) 4 (5%) 75 (95%)
Effusion location
 Circumferential 307 (90%) 255 (97%) 52 (66%)
 Regional 19 (6%) 6 (2%) 13 (16%)
 Not available 16 (4%) 2 (1%) 14 (18%)
Deepest effusion pocket (measured during diastole)
 < 1 cm 13 (4%) 5 (2%) 8 (10%)
 1–2 cm 57 (17%) 41 (16%) 16 (20%)
 > 2 cm 228 (67%) 204 (78%) 24 (30%)
 Not available 33 (10%) 11 (4%) 22 (28%)
 Pericardial clot 11 (3%) 2 (1%) 9 (11%)