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Table 2 Presenting symptoms, physical exam, electrocardiogram, and chest X-ray findings (n = 342)

From: The role of point-of-care ultrasound in the diagnosis of pericardial effusion: a single academic center retrospective study

  Yes n (%) No n (%) Not available n (%)
Presenting symptoms
 Dyspnea 227 (66) 52 (15) 63 (18)
 Orthopnea 51 (15) 151 (44) 140 (41)
 Chest pain 108 (32) 151 (44) 83 (24)
 Presyncope 45 (13) 184 (54) 113 (33)
 Syncope 20 (6) 208 (61) 114 (33)
 Peripheral edema 41 (12) 189 (55) 112 (33)
Physical exam
 Respiratory distress 67 (20) 183 (54) 220 (64)
 Pulsus paradoxus (> 10 mmHg) 123 (36) 168 (49) 51 (15)
 Muffled heart sound 10 (3) 271 (79) 61 (18)
 Elevated jugular venous pulse 140 (41) 188 (55) 14 (4)
Electrocardiogram
 Sinus tachycardia 161 (47) 153 (45) 28 (8)
 Low voltage 123 (36) 168 (49) 51 (15)
 Alternans 10 (3) 271 (79) 61 (18)
Chest X-ray
 Cardiomegaly 184 (54) 55 (16) 103 (30)
 Pulmonary edema 15 (4) 227 (66) 100 (29)