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Table 1 Demographic profile, key risk factors, and clinical and etiological classification of monitored patients

From: Relationship of spontaneous microembolic signals to risk stratification, recurrence, severity, and mortality of ischemic stroke: a prospective study

Variables n %
Demographic profile
 Male 70 63.1
 Age (years) 68 (33–97)
Race
 White 90 81.1
 Black/Asian 21 19.9
Risk factors
 Hypertension 93 83.8
 Smoking 60 54.1
 Obesity 6 5.4
 Diabetes 30 27
 Dyslipidemia 17 15.3
 Chagas disease 8 7.2
 Prior stroke 36 32.4
 Congestive heart failure 8 7.2
 Prior AMI 11 9.9
 CAD 12 10.8
 Depression 6 5.4
 Atrial fibrillation 29 26.1
 Atrial flutter 4 3.6
 PFO 2 1.8
 Extracardiac shunt 1 0.9
 Thrombolysis 26 23.4
 Antiplatelets 67 60.0
 Anticoagulation 3 2.7
 Wake-up stroke 18 16.2
 NHISS at admission 8 (0–28)  
 OSCP
 TACS 25 22.5
 PACS 56 50.4
 LACS 30 27.0
TOAST
 Small-vessel occlusion 23 21.0
 Large-artery atherosclerosis 11 9.9
 Cardioembolism 31 28.0
 Other determined etiology 5 4.5
 Undetermined etiology 41 37
  1. AMI acute myocardial infarction, CAD coronary artery disease, NIHSS National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale, OSCP The Oxford Community Stroke Project classification, TACS total anterior circulation syndrome, PACS partial anterior circulation syndrome, LACS lacunar syndrome