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Table 1 Study population demographics and clinical characteristics

From: Basic critical care echocardiography training of intensivists allows reproducible and reliable measurements of cardiac output

Characteristics Number of patients (%)
Demographics
 Age, yearsa 67 (± 14)
 Sex-male, n (%) 14 (70)
Time ICU admission—CO study, daysa 6 (± 6)
Primary diagnosis, n (%)
 Septic shock 9 (45)
 Respiratory failure 2 (10)
 Surgical 2 (10)
 Trauma 1 (5)
 Other 6 (30)
Secondary diagnoses, n (%)
 DM 8 (40)
 Hepatic cirrhosis 2 (10)
 COPD 2 (10)
 Solid cancer 6 (30)
 CRF 2 (10)
Vital signs
 Heart rate, bpma 88 (± 12)
 MAP, mmHga 75 (± 9)
 BMI, kg/m2a 27 (± 3)
Vasopressors and inotropes
 Noradrenaline, n (%) 16 (80)
 Noradrenaline, mcg/kg/mina 0.34 (± 0.24)
 Dobutamine, n (%) 2 (10)
 Dobutamine, mcg/kg/mina 5.56 (± 1.71)
Hemodynamics
 CVP, mmHga 13 (± 4)
 PAP, mmHga 31 (± 6)
 PCWP, mmHga 15 (± 5)
Ventilation
 Mechanical ventilation, n (%) 18 (90)
 FiO2, %a 40 (± 10)
 PEEP, cmH2Oa 7.78 (± 3.12)
 Tidal volume, mLa 543 (± 70)
 PaO2, mmHga 83 (± 15)
 PaO2/FiO 2 a 216 (± 90)
Severity of illness
 SOFAa 8 (± 3)
 APACHE IIa 22 (± 9)
 Mortality, n (%) 5 (25)
  1. BMI: body mass index; DM: diabetes mellitus; COPD: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; CRF: chronic renal failure; SOFA: sequential organ-failure assessment; APACHE II: acute physiology and chronic health evaluation; MAP: mean arterial pressure; CVP: central venous pressure; PAP: systolic pulmonary arterial pressure; PCWP: pulmonary capillary wedge pressure; PEEP: positive end-expiratory pressure; VAC: vacuum-assisted closure; FiO2: fraction of inspired oxygen; PaO2: partial arterial pressure of oxygen
  2. aMean ± standard deviation