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Fig. 7 | Critical Ultrasound Journal

Fig. 7

From: Transesophageal echocardiography in orthotopic liver transplantation: a comprehensive intraoperative monitoring tool

Fig. 7

Normal triphasic hepatic Doppler waveform. The four waveforms constituting the normal spectral Doppler waveform are indicated: the A wave lies below the baseline (retrograde component); the S and D waves peak above the baseline and are caused by anterograde blood flow toward the right heart; and the V wave, a transitional wave, may peak just below or above the baseline

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