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Table 1 Cardiopulmonary ultrasound protocol

From: Focused cardiopulmonary ultrasound for assessment of dyspnea in a resource-limited setting

Echocardiogram
Parasternal long axis with color Doppler Estimate LVEF
Pericardial effusion
Mitral valve disease
Parasternal short axis (mid-ventricle)
Apical 4 chamber with color Doppler
Subcostal
Pulmonary ultrasound
Anterior and lateral chest ultrasound, rib interspaces 2–4 on left and 2–5 on right for upper zones, and rib spaces below 5 for lower zones bilaterally Extravascular lung water (B-lines)
Pleural effusion
Pneumothorax (lack of lung sliding)
  1. LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction