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Table 2 Causes of abdominal pain according to age of child 2

From: The role of US examination in the management of acute abdomen

Birth to 1 year 2-5 years 6-11 years 12-18 years
Medical    
Infantile colic Gastroenteritis Gastroenteritis Constipation Gastroenteritis Constipation
Gastroenteritis Lower Lobe Pneumonia Abdominal Tuberculosis Lower Lobe Pneumonia
Constipation Constipation Bowel disease Pharyngitis
Urinary Tract Infection Urinary Tract Infection Functional Pain Dysmenorrhea
  Sickle Cell Crisis Lower Lobe Pneumonia Mittelschmerz
  Henoch-Schonlein purpura Pharyngitis Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
  Mesenteric Lymphadenitis Urinary Tract Infection Inflammatory Bowel Disease
   Pneumonia  
   Sickle Cell Crisis  
   Henoch-Schonlein purpura  
   Mesenteric Lymphadenitis.  
Surgical    
Intussusception Appendicitis Appendicitis Appendicitis
Volvulus/malrotations Intussusception Cholecystitis Ectopic Pregnancy
Incarcerated Hernias Volvulus Testicular Torsion Testicular Torsion
Hirschsprung’s disease Trauma Trauma Ovarian Torsion
Necrotizing Enterocolitis    
  1. 2 Balachandran B, Singhi S, Lal S: Emergency management of acute abdomen in children. Indian J Pediatr 2013, 80:226-34.