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Table 1 Patient characteristics and ultrasound results

From: Transcranial ultrasound analysis of cerebral blood flow during induced hypertension in acute ischemic stroke - a case series

No. Age, gender Side NIH-SS baseline/during IHT Collateral pathways MCA (affected side) PCA (affected side)
PSV baseline PSV IHT PSV increase PSV baseline PSV IHT PSV increase
(BP) (BP) (% per mmHg) (BP) (BP) (% per mmHg)
1 66, M Left, O 2/0 ROA, PCOA, LP 21 cm/s 29 cm/s 0.38 81 cm/s 160 cm/s 0.98
(100 mmHg) (200 mmHg) (100 mmHg) (200 mmHg)
2 81, M Right, S 2/2 RACA, ROA, LP 51 cm/s 61 cm/s 0.78 83 cm/s 102 cm/s 0.92
(105 mmHg) (130 mmHg) (105 mmHg) (130 mmHg)
3 76, M Right, S 5/3 RACA 70 cm/s 85 cm/s 0.71 NA NA NA
(185 mmHg) (215 mmHg)
4 71, M Right, O 2/2 ROA, RACA 29 cm/s 37 cm/s 0.61 66 cm/s 82 cm/s 0.37
(162 mmHg) (207 mmHg) (162 mmHg) (227 mmHg)
5 71, M Right, O 3/NA ROA, RACA 24 cm/s 49 cm/s 1.45 NA NA NA
(120 mmHg) (190 mmHg)
6 58, F Right, O 3/3 ROA, RACA 33 cm/s 45 cm/s 0.89 199 cm/s 227 cm/s 0.34
(124 mmHg) (165 mmHg) (124 mmHg) (165 mmHg)
  1. Abbreviations: O, occlusion; S, stenosis; NIH-SS, NIH stroke scale; ROA, retrograde ophthalmic artery; RACA, retrograde A1-anterior cerebral artery; LP, leptomeningeal via PCA; PCOA, activated posterior communicating artery; PSV, peak systolic flow velocity; NA, not assessed; IHT, induced hypertension; BP, blood pressure; No., patient number; MCA, middle cerebral artery; PCA, posterior cerebral artery.