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Table 2 Targets of the echocardiographic hemodynamic assessment

From: Echocardiography in the sepsis syndromes

Cardiac output
Volume status, volume responsiveness
LV systolic function
RV systolic function
Systemic arterial resistances (indirect, exclusion criteria)
LV filling pressures
  1. To monitor the septic shock patient, major hemodynamic variables are assessed non-invasively, mainly by semi-quantitation. Systemic arterial resistances, together with indices of global perfusion, cannot be measured with echocardiography, but vasodilatation can be diagnosed with exclusion criteria. See systematic approach in Fig. 8
  2. LV left ventricle, RV right ventricle